Nature Markets Integration Helps Curb Biodiversity Loss
The Taskforce on Nature Markets, with knowledge partners Vivid Economics by McKinsey, has presented the fact base for the integration of nature markets into global efforts to help curb biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation. The ‘Global Nature Markets Landscaping Study’ has valued nature markets at almost US$10 trillion per year – equivalent to 11 per cent of global GDP or the world’s third largest economy, behind the United States and China. Nature markets are those markets that explicitly value and trade nature from emerging markets – such as carbon and biodiversity credits and nature liability insurance to established markets including conservation, nature-related tourism, and soft commodities. Agriculture and livestock markets represent US$4.3 trillion alone. This makes them the largest nature market after extractive commodities (mining, minerals, oil, and gas), valued at US$4.6 trillion. Privately owned and market-accessible ecosystem assets are worth over US$8 trillion, nature credit markets are valued at over US$5 billion per year, and wildlife tourism generates over US$260 billion annually. Better governance of these nature markets can support increasingly fragile ecosystems, it says, including through cross-jurisdictional governance and regulation. This could lead to improvements on the bottom line for both public and private sector entities.